The Benefits Of Automation And Industrial Robots

September 2018 ยท 3 minute read

The importance of automation and robots in all manufacturing industries continues to grow. Industrial robots have replaced humans inside a wide range of industries. Robots out perform humans in jobs that want precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick make), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are utilized in the diverse selection of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.

The ISO concept of a manipulating industrial robot is “an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator”. According to the definition it may be fixed in place or mobile for usage in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in three or more axes. They’re multi-functional pieces of equipment that may be custom-built and developed to carry out a number of operations.

The main benefits associated with industrial robots is because they could be programmed to suit industry specific requirements and can work continuously for a long time, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The economical life time of an industrial robot is concerning 12-16 years. This can persistent accuracy industrial robots are getting to be a vital part of manufacturing.

Industrial robots are categorized into different categories based on their mechanical structure. The main types of industrial robots are:

Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They may be stationary robots having three components of motion. They work from an overhead grid which has a rectangular work envelope. These are mainly used to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots supply their axes over the work which makes them also well suited for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes to move. They move in the x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are utilised for factory automation requiring pick and place work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It may have from two to 10 or higher interactive joints. Articulated robots are well worthy of welding, painting and assembly.

Basic industrial robot designs could be customized with the addition of different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are crucial add-ons. End effectors would be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached to robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches which might be utilized to move or assemble parts are samples of end effectors. End effectors are designed and used to sense and talk with the external environment. The conclusion effectors’ design depends upon the application form requirements from the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They are built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks accustomed to control other manufacturing equipment such as robotic arms. Machine vision is used to the inspection of manufactured goods such as semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are utilized to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.

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